Sexual Dictionary - letter I
a disorder that is a reaction to treatment by physicians (like
infections transmitted during therapy). Disease induced by medical
congenital skin diseases that produces dry, rough,
- Identical twins
twins formed from the same fertilized
egg. They are of the same gender, have the
same genetic makeup and closely similar appearance.
Also called monozygotic twins.
disease or condition having no known cause.
acronym for International Lesbian
and Gay Association.
resistant to a particular disease due to either previous infection, immunization/
vaccination, or contact with the immunogen/
antigen. For example most people who get chicken pox
as children are immune to chicken pox for the rest of their lives. There are
vaccines that can make you immune to certain diseases,
like hepatitis B. To be protected or safe from something.
- Immune system
a complex system in the body made of a group of cells that all work together to
defend and protect the body from enemies or invaders, fighting against potentially harmful
bacteria and other
germs, in order to protect the body health. These
cells can make the difference between the cells that are part of the body and those
things that don't belong to the body.
the condition in which an organism can resist disease due to natural or acquired
resistance provided by the immune system to a specific disease. It generally follows
natural infections and is the goal of
vaccinations. There are two types of immunity :
- active immunity - immunity acquired by the
antibodies produced by the personís own immune system.
This type of immunity can be brought about by a natural infection or by a vaccine. It is
usually long lasting
- passive immunity - immunity acquired by transfer of antibodies produced by other person's
immune system, either naturally (from pregnant woman to her unborn child) or artificially
(as by injection). It is effective but usually last few weeks to months
- Immunity is indicated by the presence of specific antibodies in the blood and can be
determined with a laboratory test.
the process of inducing immunity to a specific infection or disease, typically
delivered through a
immunologic test allowing the visualisation of a specific
react with the
a general term for blood
proteins capable of acting as
antibodies which bind to invading organisms, leading
to their destruction. There are five classes of immunoglobulins : IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM.
the branch of medicine that studies the immune system, its structure, function
and disorders and laboratory techniques involving the interaction of
antigens with specific
antibodies. The specialist is called immunologist.
a treatment which activates the bodies own immune system to destroy or to enhance its
resistance to disease.
the proccess of attachment of the
embryo to membrane that lines the
endometrium, usually six to eight days after
fertilization. Also called nidation.
A normaly implantation it is in the lining of the uterus (endometrium). An abnormal
implantation it is in other places than lining of the uterus (endometrium) - see
a very contagious skin infection characterized by erupting sores. It is caused by
the inability to achieve or maintain an erection in order to copulate. Impotence
may have a physiological or psychological causes.
Also refered as erectile
the space between other structures or objects. Interstitial cells are
cells found in the spaces between organs and other tissues and interstitial
fluid is the fluid between organs and tissues, outside of the lymphatic or
cardio vascular systems.
- In situ
latin for "in original place" and usually refers to early stage of cancer that hasn't
spread to other locations.
- In vitro
latin for "in glass" and refers to laboratory biological experiments conducted in cell
cultures grown in an artificial environment (in test tube). Outside a living organism.
- In vitro fertilization
a method of woman infertility treatment that involves removing
eggs from a womanís
ovary and combining the egg with
spermatozoon in the laboratory, therefore,
fertilization takes place outside of the woman's body.
embryos are later transferred to her
- In vivo
latin for "in the body of a living organism" and refers biological experiments
using human (or animal) subjects.
sexual intercourse between persons too closely related to marry, as between a
parent and his child, between a brother and his sister.
a cut into a body tissue or organ, especially one made during
- Incomplete abortion
abortion in which the contents of the
uterus are not completely expelled and some
tissue remains inside the uterus.
the inability so control the muscles which control the passing of urine or faeces.
The inability to control urination or defacation.
time taken to develop.
- Incubation period
the time period between the first day a person gets infected and the clinical
manifestation of the
symptoms of the infectious disease. The period
of incubation is diffrent for any infectious agent and can be as short as a few days
or more than 10 years. An infected person may feel perfectly healthy and show no
symptoms during a disease's incubation period but still can pass the disease to
Also called latent stage.
- Indecent exposure
the display of parts of the human body without clothing in a manner that is
contrary to local custom and law. What counts as "indecent exposure" varies
according to place and time. Exposure of the breasts of an adult woman is considered
indecent in some places, and not so in others. For example, in our days wearing
no clothing over the chest or breasts it is not interpretated as an indecent
exposure in some countries (e.g. from Africa), mean while in other countries this
is alowed only in special places where
nudity is acceptable - such as nude beaches,
or places with special night programm (
topless) mean while in other countries (e.g.
Afganistan) women are banned from going in public unless wearing a face-covering
traditional clothing. In most places exposure of an adult's genitalia is the most
blatant example of indecent exposure.
a common disorder of digestive function characterized by abdominal discomfort
after meals - heartburn, nausea, bloating, gas, and uncomfortable fullness. It is
caused by poor digestion due to eating high-fat foods, eating during stressful
situations, eating too fast or overeating.
Also called upset stomach or
the process of hardening of a normally soft tissue or organ, especially the skin,
because of inflammation, infiltration of a
neoplasm, or an accumulation of blood.
having undergone infection with a pathogenic microorganism or agent.
the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic
viruses. An active infection is one that leads
symptoms. A latent infection remains dormant
within the body.
capable to cause or spread a disease.
- Infectious disease
a disease that can be transmitted from one individual to another, for example
through sexual contact.
inability to achieve conception after a year or more of regular sexual relations
without the use a
contraceptive. In woman inability to conceive or an
inability to carry a pregnancy to a live birth, in man inability to impregnate.
a body tissue's protective response to injury, irritation or infection, characterized
by swelling, redness, warmth and pain.
characterized or caused by inflammation.
a infectious and
contagious viral respiratory illness usually occurring
in the winter. It is characterized by characterized by inflammation of the respiratory tract
and by fever, chills, muscular pain, headache, and prostration.
Also called grippe.
- Inhibited sexual arousal
the inability to become sexually
aroused by a partner manifested by a failure to
initiate or be responsive to a partner's initiation of sexual activity. It is a complex
situation because the causes can be both physical and psychical or combined factors.
Relationship problems wherein one partner does not feel emotionally intimate or close to
their mate, communication problems, lack of affection that is not associated with continuing
into sexual intercourse, power struggles and conflicts, a lack of time alone together,
a very restrictive upbringing concerning sex, negative attitudes toward sex, or negative or
traumatic sexual experiences (such as rape, incest, or sexual abuse), physical illnesses,
some medications, hormone deficiencies, depression and excessive stress are conditions that
may inhibit sexual interest.
conscious or unconscious restraint of a behavioral process, a desire, or an impulse.
- Injecting drug users
persone who use needles to inject drugs into her body. Drugs like
cocaine can be injected into veins. Persons who share needles can get
HIV or other blood borne infections like
hepatitis B. The blood that gets into the needle or
syringe from one person's body can then get into another person's body when they use the
same needle. That risk can be eliminated by either not sharing needles or sterilizing them
method that consist in inserting liquid into the body with the use of a syringe and
needle. A shot.
the introduction of a substance (a vaccine, serum or virus) into the body
to produce or to increase immunity to the disease or condition associated
with the substance.
Sometimes called vaccination.
not suitable for
any form or degree of mental disturbance of mind, permanent or temporary,
that makes a person incapable to tell right from wrong.
to introduce or inject
semen into the reproductive tract of a female.
a prolonged and usually abnormal inability to obtain adequate sleep - staying
asleep or poor sleep quality.
hormone produced by the
pancreas that helps the body turn the food into energy and helps
store energy to be used later. People suffering of
diabetes mellitus, a condition in which the pancreas does
not produce enough insulin, need to inject themselves with insulin in order to help body cells
to work properly.
physical intimate contact between individuals that involves the genitalia of at least one person.
Anal intercourse involves the inserting of the
penis into the
anus, oral intercourse involves the inserting of the penis
into the mouth, vaginal intercourse involves the inserting of the penis into the
a group of proteins, which is produced by different cell types in response to an exposure of a
parasite, or other
antigen that prevents or block replication of
the virus, bacterium, parasite or other antigen in newly infected cells.
a physician specializing in internal medicine not requiring
a person with both male and female characteristics in varying degrees, including
secondary sexual characteristics, and
- Interstitial cystitis
a long-lasting condition also known as painful
dysuria syndrome. The wall of the bladder becomes
inflamed or irritated, which affects the amount of urine the bladder can hold and causes
scarring, stiffening, and bleeding in the bladder.
the act of making someone fearful in order to force him or her do what another
person wants him or her to do.
the state of being affected by a poisonous or toxic substance, drug or from excessive
consumption of a substance.
situated within the muscle. A method of giving medication or fluids directly into
the muscle by injection.
occurring or situated within the
- Intrauterine device
a small device made of plastic or metal that is through the vagina into a woman's
uterus, preventing the
pregnancy by changing the environment of the uterus,
anableing implantation of a fertilized ovum.
situated within the vein. A method of giving medication or fluids directly into
the vein by injection.
- Inverted nipple
nipple that turn inwards.
Provided it has always been inverted it is not a problem. If a nipple suddenly becomes
inverted, it is essential to seek medical advice as it could be a sign of breast cancer.
washing of a body cavity or wound with a stream of water or a medicated fluid.
decrease in the blood supply to a an organ, tissue, or other part caused by the
narrowing or blockage of the blood vessels.
acronim for intrauterine
acronim for intravenous.
acronim for intramuscular.
The only 100 % risk free sex is the one you don't have.
Sex is a matter of quality, not quantity.