Sexual Dictionary - letter E

E.coli
short for Escherichia coli. A germ that causes severe cramps and diarrhea. E. coli is a leading cause of bloody diarrhea. Causes of infection are eating undercooked ground beef, drinking contaminated (impure) water, drinking unpasteurized (raw) milk or working with cattle. Being highly contagious can be spread by dirty hands or infected things.
Ecchymosis
a collection of blood in the tissues causing a black and blue, or yellow, area.
Ectopia
an abnormal location or position of an organ or a body part, occurring congenitally or as the result of injury.
Ectopic pregnancy
implantation and subsequent development of a fertilized ovum in any tissue other than the uterine wall, as in a fallopian tube. It is a medical emergency because the embryo grows, the tube becomes stretched and inflamed, causing extreme pain in the pregnant woman. If left untreated, the affected Fallopian tube will likely burst, causing hemorrhage and endangering the life of the woman. Implantation can also occur in the cervix, ovaries, and abdomen.
Eczema
a noncontagious inflammation of the skin, characterized chiefly by redness, itching, and the outbreak of lesions that may discharge serous matter and become encrusted and scaly. A common allergic reaction.
Edema
an abnormal accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities.
EEG
abbreviation from electroencephalogram. A graphic record of the electrical activity of the brain as recorded by an electroencephalograph. Also called encephalogram.
Egg
a female reproductive cell ( gamete), released by the ovaries. Contains one haploid set of chromosomes and unites with the spermatozoon (male reproductive cell) to bring about fertilization. Also called an oocyte or ovum.
Ejaculation
the process during orgasm where semen is emitted forcefully through the penis. Ejaculation consists of two steps. During the first phase, called emission phase, seminal fluid builds up in the urethral bulb of the prostate gland. During the second phase the muscles at the base of the penis begin a steady rhythmic contraction that finally expels the semen from the urethral opening at the head of the penis and outside of the body. Ejaculation it is an involuntary act that can be voluntary delayde.
Ejaculatory ducts
the path which semen travels during ejaculation.
EKG (ECG)
abbreviation from electrocardiogram. A graphical recording of the cardiac cycle produced by an electrocardiograph.
Also called cardiogram.
Electrocardiograph
an instrument used in the detection and diagnosis of heart abnormalities that measures electrical potentials on the body surface and generates a record of the electrical currents associated with heart muscle activity. Also called cardiograph.
Electroencephalograph
an instrument that measures electrical potentials on the scalp and generates a record of the electrical activity of the brain. Also called encephalograph.
Elephantiasis
a chronic disease characterized by the enlargement of certain parts of the body and by the hardening and ulceration of the surrounding skin. It is often caused by an infestation of a worm called a filarial worm.
ELISA ("AIDS test")
abbreviation from Enzyme-Linked-Immuno-Sorbent Assay. A sensitive immunoassay that uses an enzyme linked to an antibody or antigen as a marker for the detection of a specific protein, especially an antigen or antibody. It is often used as a diagnostic test to determine exposure to a particular infectious agent, such as the HIV, by identifying antibodies present in a blood sample.
Embolism
the obstruction of a blood vessel by a transported blood clot, a mass of bacteria or other foreign material like gas bubble, tissue, bone marrow, cholesterol, fat, etc.
Embryo
product of conception from implantation through the eighth week of development. After that period of time the product of conception it is called fetus.
Endocrine glands
glands that are ductless and release their secretions - hormones - directly into the bloodstream giving them access to all other cells of the body. The purpose of the secreted hormones is to evoke a specific response in other cells of the body, which are located far away. Major endocrine glands that produce hormones are :
Endocrine system
body system made up of the endocrine glands that co-ordinates body organs, so as to operate as part of an integrated system. This is achieved by the production of "chemical messengers" called hormones that are transported by the circulatory system (blood). They act on target cells that may be anywhere in the body. The endocrine system acts with nervous system to coordinate the body's activities.
Endocrinologist
physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the endocrine system.
Endocrinology
the study of the endocrine glands and their hormones, physiology (hormonal secretion), pathology (hormonal disorders) and neurohormonal balance. The specialist is called an endocrinologist.
Endogenous
caused by factors within the body or mind or arising from internal structural or functional causes.
Endometrial hyperplasia
the overgrowing of the endometrial lining due to excess of mucosal cells as a result of estrogen over stimulation or an imbalance between estrogen and progesterone. The most common symptoms are heavy or prolonged menstrual periods, abdominal pain and bleeding between menstrual periods.
Endometrial polyp
a benign growth on the lining of the uterus. Most of the time endometrial have no symptoms. When symptoms do occur, the most common symptoms are : spotting between menstrual periods, pelvic cramps or heavy or prolonged menstrual periods. Endometrial polyps can be detected by hysteroscopy.
Endometriosis
a condition that is characterized by an abnormal growth of the uterine mucous membrane in locations outside the uterus, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and abdominal cavity, often in the form of cysts. The tissue reacts to hormones, and symptoms (primarily pain and dysmenorrhea) typically occur in monthly cycles.
Endometrium
the lining of the uterus that grows and sheds in response to estrogen and progesterone stimulation. Also called uterine lining.
Endorphin
a group of endogenous hormones that is chemically similar to similar to opium-derived narcotics. Endorphins have analgesic qualities, reduce the sensation of pain and affect emotions, memory retention and learning. They may also have a role in mobilizing the immune system.
Endoscope
a small, flexible tube with a light and a camera lens at the end, used to examine the inside of the body cavities. It can also be used to take tissue samples for testing from inside the body cavities.
Endoscopy
a method of examining the interior of a body cavity using an endoscope.
Enema
an instrument or injecting fluid into the anus to flush the lower intestines.
Engorgement
the process of filling with blood, such as a penis during an erection or a clitoris during arousal.
ENT
abbreviation for the medical specialty of the ear, nose and throat.
Enteritis
an inflammation of the intestines that usually causes cramps and diarrhea.
Enuresis
the uncontrolled or involuntary discharge of urine. Bedwetting.
Epidemic
a rapidly and extensively outbreak of a disease, or a large number of cases of a disease. Disease may spread from person to person, and / or by the exposure of many persons to a single source, such as a water supply.
Epidemiology
the study of the causes and control of diseases in human populations. The specialist is called epidemiologist.
Epidemy
an epidemic disease.
Epidermis
the outermost, non-vascular layer of the body.
Epididymis
a long, narrow, convoluted tube, part of the spermatic duct system that lies on the posterior aspect of each testicle, connecting it to the vas deferens. It is the place where spermatozoa are stored and where they develop the motional capabilities.
Epididymitis
painful inflammation of the epididymis, one of the common results of gonorrhea.
Epiphysis
see pineal gland.
Episiotomy
an incision of the perineum, often performed during labor to minimize trauma to the perineum during the delivery of a baby.
Epistaxis
bleeding from the nose.
Epithelium
the layer of cells covering internal and external surfaces of the body.
Epstein-Barr Virus
a contagious virus that may be caused by mononucleosis.
Erectile dysfunction
the lack of blood flow to the penis causing the inability to achieve an erection. Erectile dysfunction is often referred to as impotence.
Erectile Tissue
tissue with blood vessels that fill with blood during sexual arousal. The penis and the clitoris contain erectile tissue.
Erection
the rigid state of sex organs that contain erectile tissue. The penis is said to be erect when the erectile tissue is engorged with blood.
Erection
the firm and enlarged condition of penis. when the erectile tissue becomes filled with blood as response to stimuli. The same reaction occurs into the clitoris but in a lower key due to size differences. Erection is a reflex phenomena, beyond will.
Erogenous zone
any area of the body that is especially sensitive when stimulated in a sexual manner creates positive sexual sensations. Common erogenous zones include the genitals, breasts, nipples, and anus.
Erotic
a term meaning sexually stimulating or sexually arousing.
Erotica
sexually explicit literature, pictures or film.
Eroticism
sexual excitement, sensuality.
Erotophobia
abnormal fear or anxiety of love, especially sexual feelings and their physical expression.
Erysipelas
a febrile (fever-associated) skin infection caused by a group of hemolytic streptococci.
Erythema
redness of the skin. Caused by congestion of capillaries in lower layer of the skin, maybe due to injury, infection, inflammation or overexposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays.
Escherichia coli
a type of common bacteria normally found in the colon. Some strains can cause disease but the majorities are harmless. The strain that cause illness it is transmitted through improperly prepared infected meat or contact with infected feces.
Escort
a female or male who is hired as a "date", as opposed to a sexual partner. Sex is typically expected and provided.
Estrogen
any of various natural steroids (as estradiol) that are secreted chiefly by the ovaries, placenta, adipose tissue, and testicles. Estrogen is an important female hormone that is responsible for the development of female secondary sexual characteristics, breasts, the vagina, and the uterus, the building up of the endometrium before each menstruation and promoting the growth and maintenance of the female reproductive system. Estrogen has other important functions as well. It is important for the maintenance of normal brain function and development of nerve cells and along with calcium and exercise, estrogen helps to maintain strong bones.
Etiology
the cause or origin of a disease or disorder as determined by medical diagnosis.
Eunuch
a male who has had his testicles removed.
Excise
to remove by cutting. A surgical procedure.
Excitement
something that agitates and arouses. The second stage of the sexual response cycle.
Also called arousal.
Exhibitionism
human sexual behavior characterized by getting sexual arousal and gratification from exposing the genitals in public or to a (willing or unwilling) observer.
Exhibitionist
a person who gets sexual pleasure by displaying their body or performing sexual activity in front of others. People who expose their sex organs to other people in public places. Indecent exposure.
Exocrine gland
a gland that releases a secretion external to or at the surface of an organ by means of a canal or duct called also gland of external secretion. Examples of exocrine glands :
Exogamy
the system whereby a person must marry someone outside a certain social class or group.
Exogenous
caused by factors (as food or a traumatic factor) or an agent (as a disease-producing organism) from outside the organism or system.
Extirpation
surgical removal of a body part or tissue.
Eating Pussy
slang for vaginal oral sex.
See cunnilingus.