Sexual Dictionary - letter C
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one kilogram
of water one degree. Commonly used to express the amount of
energy-producing value in food.
any of various conditions characterized by the uncontrolled cell
division that tend to invade surrounding tissue and
metastasize to new body sites due to
an accumulation of
anomalies within a cell. These
anomalies can be congenital or acquired after birth through environmental
factors. Normal tissue is growth-limited, i.e., cell reproduction is equal
to cell death. Feedback controls limit cell division after a certain
number of cells have developed, allowing for tissue repair but not
expansion. Tumor cells are less responsive to these restraints and can
proliferate to the point where they disrupt tissue architecture, distort
the flow of nutrients, and otherwise do damage. Most cancers are named for
the type of cell that makes up the cancer (lymphoma - a cancer originating
in lymphatic tissue, sarcoma - a cancer originating in the connective
tissue of bone or muscle, carcinomas - a cancer originating in skin,
digestive tract or glands, etc.) or the organ in which they begin (breast
cancer, cervical cancer, skin cancer, bone cancer, etc).
any of the yeast like fungi of the genus Candida that are
normally present on the skin and in the mucous membranes of the mouth,
intestinal tract, and vagina, and that may become pathogenic, especially
Candida Albicans, the causative agent of
Also called moniliasis.
open sore (ulceration) on the lip or skin inside the mouth.
an agent capable of initiating development of
tumors. May be a chemical, a form of
electromagnetic radiation or an inert solid body.
invasive malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue that tends to
metastasize to other areas of the
a person who harbors a specific infectious agent and is capable of
transmitting the agent of that infection to others. A person is carrier of
an infectious agen throughout the
incubation period, disease period and
Asymptomatic carrier - the infected person that shows no symptoms
of the disease.
removal of the
gonads - testicles or ovaries.
Can be done by surgical removal, irradiation or using chemical substances.
Male surgical removal of testes is called orchiectomy, female surgical
removal of ovaries is called oophorectomy. It is a form of
- Cat-scratch fever
bacterial infection acquired through the scratch of a cat or other skin
lesion, characterized by mild fever and inflammation of the injury and lymph
the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or
caustic agent or by freezing. It is done for medical reasons, as to treat
some kind of wound in an area.
one who abstains from sexual intercourse, especially by reason of
the smallest structural unit of an organism that is capable of
independent functioning, consisting of one or more nuclei, cytoplasm, and
various organelles, all surrounded by a semi permeable cell membrane. The
basic unit of organization of all living organisms.
an inflammation of body tissue, especially that below the skin,
characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain. Can be caused by a
bacterial infection. Often occurs where the skin has previously been broken :
cracks in the skin, cuts, burns, insect bites, surgical wounds, etc.
of or relating to the cervix.
- Cervical cancer
a condition in which normal cells in the cervix turn into cancerous cells.
- Cervical dysplasia
an abnormality of the cells at the surface of the cervix. Cervical
dysplasia can occur at any age after start having sexual intercourse. It is
more likely to occur in women who has many sex partners or in women who
started having sexual intercourse as a teenager. Cervical dysplasia does not
cause symptoms. One of the most common causes of cervical dysplasia is the
human papilloma virus (HPV) infection.
HPV infection is very common, and a person can get it through unprotected
sexual contact with another person who has HPV infection. Cervical dysplasia
may be an indicator for cancer. Cervical dysplasia is detected with a
- Cervical mucous
protective mucous secreted by the glands within the uterine cervix. The
viscous, slippery character of the secretions changes with the phases of the
menstrual cycle under the influence of
the female sex hormones. Most of the time this thick mucus plug prevents
spermatozoa and bacteria from entering the
uterus. At midcycle, close to ovulation,
under the influence of
estrogen, the mucus becomes thin, watery,
and stringy (similar to raw egg white) to allow
spermatozoa to pass into the uterus. In
the rest of the time cervical mucus is thick and cloudy and indicates a time
when conception is less likely. Interpreting these changes along with the
basal body temperature is used in natural
birth control methods to chart fertility.
- Cervical polyp
benign growths that develop from inside
or from the entrance of the cervix. In some cases, cervical polyps can block
the cervix and cause problems getting pregnant. Cervical polyps are associated
with inflammation of the cervix and with an abnormal response to the female
hormone estrogen. The most common symptoms are abnormal bleedings - after
intercourse, between periods, heavy bleeding during menstrual cycle, bleeding
after menopause, or abnormal vaginal discharge - watery, bloody discharge.
inflammation of the of the tissues of cervix. Cervicitis can be caused by
any of a number of infections, of which the commonest are chlamydia,
genital herpes, and
neck of the
It is the portion of the lower uterus, where the uterus joins with the top
end of the
- Cesarean delivery
delivery of a
fetus by surgical incision through the
abdominal wall and
Also called C-section.
a dull red, hard, insensitive lesion that is the first manifestation of
syphilis. It is localized at the point
of initial exposure to the bacterium, often on the
sexually transmitted disease caused by
a bacteria (Hemophilus ducreyi) that causes soft, painful open sores
in the genital area. Not
syphilis. Characterized by swelling of the
sebaceous glands, resulting in pimples
on the face, back and chest.
Also called soft chancre.
virtuous character. From the sexual point of view - abstaining from sexual
- Chastity belt
chastity belt is a locking item of clothing that prevents the wearer from
engaging in sexual
masturbation. There are versions for
both male and female. Used especially in medieval times to prevent premarital
sex in girls and young women and extramarital sex in married women.
the treatment with anticancer chemical agents or drugs. These chemical
agents or drugs interfere selectively stopping abnormal cells division,
preventing the cancer from spreading.
- Child abuse
physical or psychological mistreatment of a child by its parents,
guardians, or other adults. Child sexual abuse denotes sexual abuse of or
sexual activity with children. Child sexual abuse is a criminal offense e
the process of giving birth to a child.
Also called birth or
- Child pornography
use of children in
pornography. It is widely prohibited by
law, and faces the disapproval of most members of society.
sexually transmitted disease caused by a
bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis.
About 50 % of all men and 75 % of all women who have chlamydial infection
have no symptoms and don't know that they have the disease and spread it
through unprotected sex. When symptoms occur they might be :
- in women
- bleeding after sexual intercourse or between menstrual periods
- lower abdominal pain and burning pain during urination
- abnormal vaginal discharge
- in men
- pain or burning when urinating
- inflammation or infection of a duct in the testicles
- discharge from the penis
- Because chlamydia wide spread and because it often
doesn't produce symptoms, it is very important to take precautions by practicing
any of the diseases that are caused by Chlamydia psittaci and
threadlike linear strand of DNA and associated proteins in the nucleus of
human cells that carries the
genes and functions in the transmission of
hereditary information. Sex chromosomes
- either of a pair of chromosomes, usually designated X or Y, that combine to
determine the sex and sex-linked characteristics of an individual. With XX
resulting in a female and XY in a male.
- Chronic (disease)
persistent and lasting condition, having a slow progressive course. Used
especially of degenerative invasive diseases, some infections, psychoses, and
a milky bodily fluid fluid consisting of lymph and emulsified fats formed
in the small intestine during digestion of ingested fatty foods and taken
up by lymph vessels.
surgical removal of part or all of the
Circumcisions are performed for medical, religious or cultural reasons.
Female circumcision is comparable to male circumcision and is the removal
(or splitting) of the clitoral hood.
Also called clitoridotomy
(hoodectomy as a slang term).
a chronic disease that affects the liver, characterized by the replacement
of normal tissue with fibrous tissue. Due to this the liver cells loose their
functions. It can result from excessive alcohol consumption, nutritional
deprivation, or infection especially by the
a period in the life of a male and usually occurring with less
well-defined physiological and psychological changes called also
male climacteric, male menopause or viropause.
- Clitoral hood
a fold of skin that surrounds and protects the clitoris.
It develops as part of the
labia minora and is homologous with the
prepuce (foreskin) in male genitals.
- Clitoral vibrator
a vibrator that is designed to stimulate the clitoris.
small elongated erectile organ at the anterior part of the
Very sensitive, the clitoris is formed out of corpus cavernosum, a rich
collection of capillary tissue with a substantial presence of nerve tissue.
It is particularly well suited for sexual stimulation. Its particular
function is inducing sexual pleasure and
orgasms. Clitoris is homologous with
penis as it develops from the same
a thick, viscous, or coagulated mass or lump, formed from the content
of a liquid, as of blood.
- Clotting factor
various components in the blood involved in the coagulation of blood.
Also called coagulation factor.
chemically change from a liquid into a thickened or solid mass.
a colorless or white crystalline alkaloid, extracted from coca leaves,
sometimes used in medicine as a local
anesthetic especially for the eyes, nose,
or throat. Widely used as a drug. In the first stage of using euphoric and
and high energy feelings occur. In time
addiction, anxiety and depression occur.
An over doze it is fatal. Its consuming it is illicit. Slang names include
coke, flake, star dust, and snow.
- Coitus interruptus
intercourse deliberately interrupted by
withdrawal of the
penis from the
ejaculation in order to prevent unwanted
pregnancy. The ejaculation of semen is
not in the vagina but elsewhere. Used as natural
birth control method. This method is
By extensions - any kind of sexual intercourse (oral, vaginal, anal)
intercourse that stops before ejaculation inside the receptive partner.
Also called onanism, withdrawal or
- Cold sore
a small blister occurring on the lips and face and caused by
endoscopic instrument that magnifies the
epithelia of the
cervix in vivo to allow direct observation and study of these tissues.
direct examination of the
cervical epithelia by means of a colposcope.
a flexible sheath, usually made of latex, designed to cover the penis
intercourse for contraceptive purposes
and/or as a means of preventing
sexually transmitted diseases such as
Female condom is a similar device, consisting of a loose-fitting polyurethane
sheath closed at one end, which is inserted intravaginally before sexual
- Condyloma (acuminatum)
a wart like growth on the skin or mucous membrane, usually in the area
of or inside the anus, inside the
vagina or on the external genital organs.
Human Papilloma Virus.
acquired at birth or during uterine development.
accumulation of excessive blood or tissue fluid in particular part of the
intentional prevention of conception through the use of various devices,
agents, drugs, sexual practices, or surgical procedures.
birth control methods.
disease - capable of being transmitted
from one person to another by indirect contact or by direct contact or close
2) about person - capable of transmitting a disease to another
person by indirect contact or by direct contact or close proximity.
any device, drug, or chemical agent intended to prevent conception.
birth control methods.
- Contraceptive film
a little paper-thin sheet with a chemical that kills
spermicides). It is placed
on or near the cervix with at least 15 minutes before intercourse. It
dissolves quickly and provides protection against unwanted pregnancy. The
protection then lasts for about 2 - 3 hours.
birth control methods.
the period needed for recovering of health after disease.
to engage in coitus or sexual
- Corpus luteum
a yellow endocrine tissue,
progesterone-secreting that forms from
follicle following the release of a
egg by the
- Cowper's glands
a sudden, involuntary, spasmodic muscular contraction causing severe pain.
Menstrual cramps - spasmodic contractions of the uterus causing pain in the
lower abdomen that may radiate to the lower back and thighs and may be
associated with nausea, vomiting, increased defecation, headache and muscular
cramps. They may start a day or two before menstrual period and last for part
of or all of menstrual period.
the practice of adopting the clothes or the manner or the sexual role of
the opposite sex. Transvestism.
local or general use of low temperatures in medical therapy. Used to remove
a condition seen in newborns whereby one or both
testicles fail to move
from the abdomen, where they develop before birth, through the inguinal canal
scrotum. If not repaired by age six,
may result in permanent
fertility loss. May increase the risk for
development of testicular cancer.
Also called undescended testicles.
(oral sex) all those sexual activities that involve the use of the mouth,
tongue, etc., to stimulate the clitoris and
surgical procedure to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity by
Uterine curettage - removal of tissue or growths from
of, relating to, or affecting the skin.
a virtual sex encounter in which two or more persons connected remotely
via a computer network send one another sexually explicit messages describing
a sexual experience. The participants pretend they are having actual sexual
an abnormal membranous sac developing abnormally in a cavity or structure
of the body, containing a gaseous, liquid, or semisolid substance. Cysts can
often be dangerous as they may have negative effects on the nearby tissue.
inflammation of the urinary
X-ray visualization of the
bladder following injection of a
examination of the interior of the urinary
ureter using a tubular instrument
equipped with a light.
- Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
virus member of herpes viruses group, that infects cells and causes them
to become enlarged. Infants infected with this kind of virus develop mental
and physical disorders. The virus especially attacks salivary glands.
Transmission of CMV occurs from person to person. Infection requires close,
intimate contact with a person excreting the virus in their saliva, urine, or
other bodily fluids. The virus can be sexually transmitted and can also be
transmitted via breast milk, transplanted organs, and rarely from blood
(substance) inhibiting or suppressing cellular growth and multiplication.
Used in treatment of cancer.
The only 100 % risk free sex is the one you don't have.
Sex is a matter of quality, not quantity.