Sexual Dictionary - letter B

Bacteremia
the presence of bacteria in the blood.
Bacteria
single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties. May be free-living, saprophytic, or pathogenic in plants or animals.
Bacterial STD
a sexually transmitted disease that is caused by a bacteria. Common bacterial STD's are : chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis.
Bacterial vaginosis (BV)
vaginal infection (vaginitis) caused by a change in the natural balance of vaginal bacteria. Lactobacillus, helpful bacteria, maintains normal vaginal pH, which provides a natural defense against unhealthy bacteria proliferation. When the defense is weakened, other bacteria present in the vagina (usually Gardnerella Vaginalis strain, often in combination with various anaerobic bacteria) proliferate and cause symptoms. Most common causes of disrupting the vagina’s normal bacterial balance, and promote an infection are :
  • prolonged treatments with antibiotics
  • douching
  • overused or retained tampons
  • contraceptive devices - diaphragms, intrauterine device(IUD)
  • diabetes
  • having multiple sex partners,
  • a new monogamous sexual relationship
  • diabetes
The commonest symptom of Bacterial Vaginosis is an abnormal white or gray vaginal discharge with an unpleasant fishy smell, itching, and irritation particularly noticeable after intercourse or menses, but half of all women with BV don't notice any symptoms. Although Bacterial Vaginois it is not a sexually transmitted disease (STDs) because it can be found in women without a history compatible with a sexually transmitted disease, having multiple sex partners it is cause. Bacterial Vaginois is associated with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility, ectopic pregnancy, premature birth, and low birth weight in infants born to infected mothers.
Bacteriology
the study of bacteria, especially in relation to medicine and agriculture.
Bacteriuria
the presence of bacteria in the urine.
Balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis or glans clitoridis, caused by infections, irritations, drugs, or other factors like poor personal hygiene.
Balls
slang for the testicles.
Barrier method
a birth control method.
Bartholin cyst
a cyst caused by an infection of the Bartholin glands.
Bartholin's glands
two glands located on either side of the vaginal orifice that secrete a lubricating mucus in response to sexual stimulation.
Basal body temperature
temperature of a person's body taken first thing in the morning after several hours of sleep and before any activity, including getting out of bed or talking. Often charted to determine the time of ovulation.
BDSM
abbreviation term that describes a number of related patterns of human sexual behavior. The major subgroupings are described in the abbreviation "BDSM" itself :
  • bondage & discipline (B&D)
  • domination & submission (D&S, Ds, D/s)
  • sadism & masochism (or sadomasochism) (S&M, SM)
Behavior
the actions or reactions of persons or things in response to external or internal stimuli. The acceptability of behavior is evaluated relative to social norms and regulated by various means of social control.
Benign
a growth that is non-cancerous, does not spread from one part of the body to another and is usually not dangerous or life threatening.
Bestiality
sexual activity between humans and animals, including masturbation and sexual intercourse.
Also called zoophilia.
Bicornuate uterus
anatomical condition of the uterus in which the two ducts that form the uterus do not fuse and form a single open area, but remain two distinct uterine cavities that may be fused only at the bottom, or even half way, forming two uterine horns and one uterine cervix. The condition increase the chance for miscarriage and infertility.
See also uterine anomaly.
Bigamy
the act of marrying one person while being married simultaneously to another. It is a form of polygamy.
Bimanual exam
physical examination of the woman internal reproductive organs of the pelvis. One hand on the abdomen, two fingers in the vagina, to palpate the uterus and ovaries.
Biopsy
the removal and examination of a sample of tissue from a living body for diagnostic purposes. This procedure helps determine if the tissue is cancerous.
Birth
the emergence and separation of offspring from the body of the mother. Baby delivering.
Birth control methods
methods and actions taken in order to prevent pregnancy :
  • permanent abstinence
  • periodic abstinence or fertility awareness methods
  • hormonal contraception
    • oral contraceptive ("the pill")
    • implant
    • Depo-Provera ("the shot")
    • contraceptive patch ("the patch")
    • vaginal contraceptive ring ("the ring")
  • intrauterin device (IUD)
  • barier methods
    • male condom
    • female condom
    • diaphragm
    • cervical cap
    • spermicides
  • surgical sterilization
    • tubal ligation (female sterilization)
    • vasectomy (male sterilization)
  • nonsurgical sterilization
  • emergency contraception ("EC")
  • withdrawal ("pulling out")
Birth defect
physical or mental abnormality present at the time a child is born. Acquired during the fetal stage of development, or as a result of the genetic make-up of the parents or both. Malformation.
Birthing center
a special medical facility for labor, delivery, and immediate postpartum care. Fully equipped for birthing, but specially designed for a woman, her partner, family or friends allowing them to attend the delivery. Birth centers may be separate from a hospital (free standing) or located within a hospital.
Birthrate
the ratio of total live births to total population in a specified community or area over a specified period of time. The birthrate is often expressed as the number of live births per 1000 of the population per year.
Also called natality.
Bisexual
1) of, relating to, or having a sexual orientation to persons of either sex. Person can be both heterosexual and homosexual.
2) having both male and female reproductive organs (also called hermaphroditic).
Bisexuality
sexual attraction or relationship between members of the same and opposite sex. It is a form of sexual orientation.
Blackhead
a dark-topped plug of fatty material in the opening of a hair follicle. The color is the result of exposure of the fat to the air. A blackhead isn't caused by dirt.
Bladder
the organ that temporarily stores a substance. Commonly used in reference to the urinary bladder, which holds urine until it's eliminated.
Blenorrhagia
see gonorrhea.
Blepharitis
inflammation of the eyelid.
Blister
buildup of watery or bloody fluid under the skin.
Blood
groups into which a person's blood can be categorized, based on the presence or absence of specific antigens in the blood. Blood type is inherited. See ABO blood group and Rh factor.
Blood group
buildup of watery or bloody fluid under the skin.
Blood transfusion
the transfer of blood or blood products from one person (donor) into another person's bloodstream (recipient). Most times, it is done to replace blood cells or blood products lost through severe bleeding or severe anemia. Blood can be given from two sources, own blood previously stored from the recipient (autologous blood) or someone else (donor blood).
Blue balls
slang for the pain in the testicles that often accompanies erections that last for long periods of time without the physical relief of ejaculation.
Body image
the way a person feels about the look of her or his body - its forms, size and shape. Also the way it fits society's norms. Sexuality and self-esteem are linked to body image.
Body fluids
any fluid secreted from or contained within the body, like blood, vaginal fluids and semen. Many of sexually transmitted infections (STI) are passed through these fluids.
Bodily fluids
fluids, which are generally excreted or secreted from the human body. These respective fluids would include :
  • Amniotic fluid surrounding a fetus
  • Blood and blood plasma
  • Cowper's fluid or pre-ejaculatory fluid
  • Interstitial fluid
  • Lymph
  • Menses
  • Milk
  • Mucus
  • Pus
  • Saliva
  • Sebum
  • Semen
  • Tears
  • Sweat
  • Urine
  • Vaginal lubrication
  • Vomit
Some of them, if the person is infected, can pass an infection through unprotected sexual intercourse - semen, vaginal lubrication, vaginal discharge, Cowper's fluid or pre-ejaculatory fluid, menses, saliva - from infected mother to baby - amniotic fluid, milk - through transfusion or sharing syringe needles - blood and blood plasma.
Body image
attitudes and feelings about one's own body and appearance.
Body language
the gestures, postures, and facial expressions by which a person manifests various physical, mental, or emotional states and communicates nonverbally with others. Body language it's used instead of, or as a complement to, sounds, verbal language, or other forms of communication. Has a very important role in sexual attraction.
Body systems
the tissues and organs of the body are organized into systems that perform specialized functions. All the systems form human body and interact with each other to benifit the whole.
  • cardiovascular - pumps and transports the blood to the different parts of the body. It is composed of heart, veins, arteries, and other branches
  • digestive - converts food into products that the body can use for growth, repair and energy and eliminates waste products the body cannot use. It is composed of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, and anus
  • endocrine - controls the body metabolic activities by the secreted hormones. It is composed of glands and part of glands.
  • excretory - filters and dispose wastes from the blood. It is composed of kidney, ureter, urinary bladder and urethra.
    Also called urinary system
  • immune - recognizes and protects body against all foreign organisms or substances
  • integumentary - the skin. Enwraps the body and offers protection to the underlying layers from the sun, serves in body temperature regulation, home to millions of nerves that respond to temperature, touch, pressure, and pain
  • muscular - allows movement and locomotion, powers the circulatory, digestive, and respiratory systems, and plays a role in regulating temperature. It is composed of muscles.
  • nervous - controlling and communicating system of the body, coordinates the activity of the muscles, monitors the organs, constructs and processes input from the senses, and initiates actions. two parts : the central nervous system (CNS) - consists of the brain and the spinal cord. It interprets incoming signals and responds to them based on past experiences, reflexes, and current conditions and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) - consists of the nerve fibers that carry impulses to the central nervous system from sensory receptors that are located throughout the body
  • reproductive - responsible for reproduction and thus the survival of the species. It is composed of : in male - penis, testicles, prostate, seminal vesicles, epididymis, Cowper's glands, in women - vagina, cervix , uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, Skene's glands, Bartholin's glands
  • respiratory - supplies the body with oxygen
  • skeletal - supports the body, protects internal organs, and, with the muscular system, allows movement and locomotion. It is composed of bones.
Boyfriend
favored male companion or sweetheart.
Breast
parts of the female human body that contain the organs that secrete milk used to feed infants.
Males also have breasts and are born with the main milk ducts intact, but while the gland that produces milk is present in the male, it normally remains undeveloped. In some situations male breast development does occur, a condition called gynecomastia. Milk production can also occur in both men and women as a rare side effect of some medicinal drugs (such as some antipsychotic medication). Both sexes have a large concentration of blood vessels and nerves in their nipples.
Breast cancer
cancer of the breast. Growth of malignant cells in the breast.
Breast engorgement
occurs in the mammary glands when too much breast milk is contained within them. It is caused by insufficient breastfeeding or milk expression often through blocked milk ducts. When engorged the breasts may swell, throb and be tender to touch.
Breast-feed
to feed an infant with breast milk from the breast. A natural birth control method.
Breast shell
a round plastic shell that fits around the breast used to protect nipples and prevent soreness and irritation, to protect sore nipples or to collect leaking breast milk, to correct inverted or flat nipples.
Also called breast shield.
Buccal
of or relating to the mouth cavity.
Bulbourethral gland
either of two small glands that are located below the prostate and discharge a component of the seminal fluid into the urethra. They are homologous to the Bartholin's glands in the female.
Also called Cowper's gland.
Bulimia
a disease in which there is a perpetual and insatiable appetite for food; a diseased and voracious appetite.