Female Condom

As you know, the female condom works in exactly the same way as the male condom i.e. like a barrier, preventing unwanted pregnancy by preventing the man's semen from entering the woman's vagina, so that sperm can't reach a woman's egg and also protecting males and females from getting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV, stopping direct contact between penis and vagina and exchange of genital fluids like semen, vaginal fluids or blood, that may carry pathogen agents.

The female condom is a sheath made of thin polyurethane, with two soft, flexible rings at either end and is worn internally by the woman during sexual intercourse. The polyurethane covers one ring, which sits up against the cervix and acts as an "anchor" for the condom. The other ring is larger than the first one and remains outside the body. It covers some part of the perineum and labia during intercourse. The female condom can be inserted as much as eight hours before intercourse but it should be removed immediately after having sex. It should not be used with a male condom.

Use new, good quality condom. Check the expiration date carefully. Old condoms can be dry, brittle or weakened and can break more easily.

Unwrap gently the condom, don't use scissors, knives, don't tear the wrapper with your fingernails or your teeth. A certain rush is understandable but using sharp objects or teeth can demage the condom. And if it's the only one you have ... you are doomed.

The female condom is a sheath made of thin polyurethane, with two soft, flexible rings at either end, one at the close end, the inner ring (a) and the other at the open end, the outer ring (b).

The polyurethane covers the ring from the close end (inner ring - a), which sits up against the cervix and acts as an "anchor" for the condom. The ring from the open end, (outer ring - b) is larger than the first one and remains outside the body.

Lubricate the closed end for an easier inserting. Hold the condom so that the open end is hanging down. Squeeze the flexible inner ring at the closed end of the sheath.

It is a very good idea to squeeze the inner ring with your thumb and middle finger, and place the index finger on top edge for further guidance.

Find a comfortable position to insert the condom. You can stand with one foot up on a chair, sit with your knees apart, or lie down. With the other hand, spread your outer vaginal lips and gently insert the inner ring and pouch inside of your vaginal opening.

1 - vulva
2 - vagina
3 - cervix

Use your index finger to push the inner ring of the condom and pouch inside the vagina so that the inner ring is up, past your pubic bone and over your cervix.

ATo remove the condom, twist the outer ring to keep the sperm inside the pouch and gently pull the condom out to avoid spilling the semen. And don't forget to do it prior to standing up.

Dispose the condom in the waste container, not in the toilet. Use it only once. If you want to do it again you will need to insert a new female condom before your next sex act.

Because the female condom blocks any natural vagina lubrifiation, and the condom may move out of place during sex, it will be necessary to use additional lubricant either on the inside of the condom or on the penis. Since the female condom is made of polyurethane and not latex, you can safely use oil-based lubricants.

If the female condom slips during intercourse or completely enters into vagina stop intercourse immediately. Take the female condom out carefully, so that the sperm stays inside the pouch. Use a new female condom if you continue having sexual intercourse. Add extra lubricant to the opening of the pouch or on the penis and then insert the new female condom. Contact your GP immediately if you are worried and discuss emergency contraception.